Definition[ edit ] As far as the term is used in the present day, recusant applies to the descendants of Roman Catholic British gentry and peerage families. Catholicism was the majority religion in parts of LancashireYorkshire and Cumbriaand in Scotland in parts of the Highlands i. The term recusant is also used more generally to refer to non-compliance with a perceived innovation of questionable orthodoxy, which had become the status quo.
Action T4 personnel and T4-Gutachter After the official end of the euthanasia programme inmost of the personnel and high-ranking officials, as well as gassing technology and the techniques used to deceive victims, were transferred under the jurisdiction of the national medical division of the Reich Interior Ministry.
Further gassing experiments with the use of mobile gas chambers Einsatzwagen were conducted at Soldau concentration camp by Herbert Lange following Operation Barbarossa. Beginning in the spring ofthree killing factories were built secretly in east-central Poland.
The SS officers responsible for the earlier Aktion T4, including Wirth, Stangl and Irmfried Eberlhad important roles in the implementation of the "Final Solution" for the next two years.
Brack showed this paper to Hitler in July, and it may have increased his confidence that the "euthanasia" programme would be acceptable to German public opinion. In Hadamar, ashes Essays about children with disabilities human hair rained down on the town.
The T4 programme was no secret. Despite the strictest orders, some of the staff at the killing centres talked about what was going on. In some cases families could tell that the causes of death in certificates were false, e. In other cases, several families in the same town would receive death certificates on the same day.
In some places doctors and psychiatrists co-operated with families to have patients discharged or if the families could afford it, transferred them to private clinics beyond the reach of T4.
Other doctors "re-diagnosed" patients so that they no longer met the T4 criteria, which risked exposure when Nazi zealots from Berlin conducted inspections.
The first open protest against the removal of people from asylums took place at Absberg in Franconia in February and others followed. The SD report on the incident at Absberg noted that "the removal of residents from the Ottilien Home has caused a great deal of unpleasantness" and described large crowds of Catholic townspeople, among them Party members, protesting against the action.
His brain was preserved in formaldehyde for "research" and stored in the clinic for sixty years. Stahle said "The fifth commandment Thou shalt not kill, is no commandment of God but a Jewish invention".
InMichael Burleigh wrote August von Galen Wienken seems to have gone partially native in the sense that he gradually abandoned an absolute stance based on the Fifth Commandment in favour of winning limited concessions regarding the restriction of killing to 'complete idiots', access to the sacraments and the exclusion of ill Roman Catholic priests from these policies.
It is a terrible, unjust and catastrophic thing when man opposes his will to the will of God We are talking about men and women, our compatriots, our brothers and sisters.
Poor unproductive people if you wish, but does this mean that they have lost their right to live? The text was dropped by the Royal Air Force over German troops. Evans wrote that "This was the strongest, most explicit and most widespread protest movement against any policy since the beginning of the Third Reich".
Commemorative plaque on wall on bunker No. InLifton wrote, "Nazi leaders faced the prospect of either having to imprison prominent, highly admired clergymen and other protesters — a course with consequences in terms of adverse public reaction they greatly feared — or else end the programme".
InBeth A. Griech-Polelle wrote that, Worried lest they be classified as outsiders or internal enemies, they waited for Protestants, that is the "true Germans", to risk a confrontation with the government first. If the Protestants were able to be critical of a Nazi policy, then Catholics could function as "good" Germans and yet be critical too.
Following this, in Septembera bold but ineffectual condemnation was read by bishops from pulpits across Germany, denouncing the killing of "the innocent and defenceless mentally handicapped and mentally ill, the incurably infirm and fatally wounded, innocent hostages and disarmed prisoners of war and criminal offenders, people of a foreign race or descent".
After the invasion of the Soviet Union in June, many T4 personnel were transferred to the east to begin work on the final solution to the Jewish question. The projected death total for the T4 program of 70, deaths had been reached by August People with hearing loss can dream of a future when hearing aids might also serve as wireless loudspeakers, delivering clear, customized sound from inside their ears.
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